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Components of Organizational culture
Organizational culture sets organization norms, rules and standards. Organizational culture is an important concept in organizational psychology. It unites the members together by providing sense of identity with the organization as a whole. It is a system of shared values, beliefs and assumptions. In other words, it is the sum of values that integrate the entire members of the organization. Understanding the culture of organization is very important for the employees and for leaders who train the new employees. The components or the elements of organizational culture are as follows:
The company has core values which are the guiding standards for all the members in an organization. Organization shares values like goals, mission and vision among the members. The elements of organizational values are innovation, commitment, smart work, contribution to society, etc. Each organization has some values or moral codes which are shared among the members. It acts as a fundamental base in defining the organization. Generally, organizational values include the rules that are in compliance with legislation, quality standards of products and services and the company’s policies. Values provide clear focus for the employees and make the direction to work and describe the purpose of the organization. The organizational values make the company to be distinct from other enterprises.
Beliefs are one of the components of organizational culture. It deals with what are the ways in achieving the outcomes. For instance, the organization has belief that people who are engaged better yield effective productivity and motivated would increase the productivity. Traditional beliefs focus on valuing loyalty where in emerging beliefs rely on commitment and performance.
Norms are the standards and rules that an organization has. It clearly gives a lucid picture of ways of doing things in an organization. The dress code for the members, punctuality at office, hierarchy in addressing the superiors etc are some of the examples of organizational norms. It explains what the nature of work to be done and attributes of work environment. It includes the stringent rules and regulations that the members of the organization have to follow. It frames as how the members should act, behave and interact with each other. The rules define the behavior approach of the employees.