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Heart Attack Definition – What Causes Heart Disease
Heart Attack : A heart attack occurs in humans when suddenly the flow of blood to the heart is blocked. In most cases, the blockage is caused mainly by the buildup of fat, cholesterol, and other reasons, So the plaque forms in the heart arteries that feed the coronary arteries of the heart. Then the plaque gets breaks away and starts developing as a clot and the blood flow blockage can affect the heart muscle. A heart attack is also known as myocardial infarction, which is also fatal, over the years the treatment of heart attacks has increased drastically. It might be having a heart attack and It is a very crucial situation to make a call to hospital or Ambulance for emergency medical help.
Firstly you need to know that not all the heart attack patients face the similar symptoms or they don’t have the similarity in the severity of symptoms. Some patients may feel mild pain and some other may face severe pain it depends on the patient body. And some patients may not face any symptoms, for others the first sign may lead to sudden and severe cardiac arrest. For some people, the heart strikes suddenly, but a high majority of people face warning signs and symptoms hours, days or weeks in advance. The initial warning for most of the people might be chest pain or pressure at the chest area, it is mainly caused by the temporary decrease in blood flow to the heart.
Pressure, Chest Pain, Aching sensation in arms and chest which may spread to towards neck, jaw or back
Nausea, indigestion, heartburn or abdominal pain
Shortness of breath
Lightheadedness or sudden dizziness
When to Consult a doctor
We are suggested to all the people those who may feel any of the above symptoms then please act immediately. Many of the people wait too long without recognizing the symptoms and signs of the heart attack.
Always be alert and immediately make a call for emergency medical help if you needed. No problem, once if you notice any symptom or sign that having a heart attack, without second thought visit a cardiac specialist or immediately make a call to local hospital emergency number. If you are enabled to get emergency medical services, then you should ask some other person to drive you to the nearest hospital.
If you face a mild attack and if there are no other persons with you then Drive yourself only when it comes to an emergency. If you wait for some other then may have more chances to danger.
If the doctor suggested to you nitroglycerin medicine, then you can take that medicine, Take it as instructed while awaiting emergency help. You can also take aspirin basis on doctor prescription. Because Taking aspirin for a heart attack could reduce effecting heart by helping to keep your blood from clotting. And Aspirin can interact with other medications also, without doctor prescription don’t take any Medicine. Unless your doctor prescribed don’t take any tablets. If you face a severe or mild heart attack then immediately make a Call for emergency help first.
What should you do if you see someone suffering from a heart attack
Guys note these lines because it is very important to know everybody should know how to help heart attack patient and how to treat them in that condition.First of all, if you see someone who’s unconscious and you believe is having a heart attack, then you don’t get panic, be strong and immediately make a call for emergency medical help. And check the pulse and if that person is breathing or not. If that person is not breathing or pulse is not working then you should start giving CPR to that person, Because CPR helps to keep blood flowing.
Push hard and fast on the unconscious person’s chest about 100 to 120 compressions per 1 minute.
If you don’t have any idea about CPR then, physicians recommend performing only chest compressions. If you know how to give CPR to person, then without wasting a time you can go on to opening the airway and rescue breathing.
Heart Attack Causes
Here we Listed out the Certain factors which contribute to the unwanted formation of fatty deposits which is also called as atherosclerosis that narrows arteries throughout the human body.
Heart attack risk factors include
Age : Heart attacks mainly have Men’s as per sources, Men age above 45 and women age above 55 have more chances to have a heart attack.
Tobacco : This is one of the things which you should stop immediately if you want to live long, because tobacco includes smoking and long-term exposure to secondhand smoke.
High blood pressure : High BP can damage heart arteries which feed your humans heart. And High BP may occur due to various reasons such as obesity, high cholesterol or diabetes, Mood swings, lack of Anger Management etc.
High blood cholesterol is also known as triglyceride levels. A high level of LDL cholesterol which is a bad cholesterol is most likely to narrow the arteries of the human heart, LDL fullform low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. A high level of triglycerides, a type of blood fat which relates to your diet, also leads to a heart attack. However, a high level of HDL cholesterol which is an “good” cholesterol leads to lowers your risk of heart attack. HDL fullform high density lipoprotein.
Obesity : Obesity is a very major reason for heart attacks which includes high blood cholesterol levels, high triglyceride levels, high blood pressure and diabetes in a human body. If you lose your weight then you may have less risks.
Diabetes : Diabetes patients face heart attacks because, their pancreas not giving sufficient of a hormone secreted or not responding to insulin properly causes than the human body’s blood sugar levels to rise, then it has high chances of increasing your risk of heart attack.
Metabolic syndrome : Through this syndrome, you may get heart attack only when you are suffering with obesity, HIgh BP, and High blood sugar. Having metabolic syndrome makes you twice as likely to form heart disease than if you don’t have it.
The family history of heart attack or Genetics : Through genetics also you may get Heart attacks in some situations, If your siblings, parents or grandparents have had early heart attacks then you might be facing this attack.
Lack of physical activity : If you are being inactive in physical activities then you may have high blood cholesterol levels and obesity. So, exercise regularly and maintain good cardiovascular fitness, and high blood pressure.
Stress : Take less stress because, if you respond to stress then it will increase your risk of a heart attack.
How to Prevent Heart Attack : You can prevent Heart Attack by following two methods such as Medications and daily Lifestyle.
Medications: If you have a heart attack and taking prescribed medications then it helps to reduce your risk of heart attack and it also helps your damaged heart function better. So, regularly take prescribed medicines, and also ask your doctor how often you should get a checkup.
Lifestyle factors: You should start a healthy lifestyle if you want to live long without any health issues. Maintain a healthy diet, Have regular exercise, quit smoking, manage stress and control conditions which can lead to heart attacks, such as High BP, high cholesterol, and diabetes.
Follow Healthy Diet:
Always Choose a healthy diet such as fresh fruits and vegetables. Prefer foods which are rich in healthy vitamins and nutrients, instead of taking vitamin pills to take fresh food sources. Take green tea and avoid junk foods. Always keep your body hydrated, Avoid alcohol and smoking.
Be fit Exercise Daily:
If you don’t exercise regularly, start out slowly and make it as your hobby. Take hygienic food to avoid unhygienic food. Manage your weight try to be fit and try to get rid of extra fat in your body if you are overweight. Always stay positive and Be happy.